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Genome. 2004 Dec;47(6):1122-9.

AFLP targeting of the 1-cM region conferring the vrs1 gene for six-rowed spike in barley, Hordeum vulgare L.

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Genetic Diversity Department, National Institute of Agrobiological Science, Tsukuba 305-8602, Japan.


Spike morphology is a key characteristic in the study of barley domestication, yield, and use. Multiple alleles at the vrs1 locus control the development and fertility of the lateral spikelets of barley. We developed five amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers tightly linked to the vrs1 locus using well-characterized near-isogenic lines as plant materials. The AFLP markers were integrated into three different maps, in which 'Azumamugi' was used as the maternal parent. Of the three maps, Hordeum vulgare L. 'Azumamugi' x H. vulgare 'Golden Promise' showed recombination of the AFLP markers and the vrs1 locus (closest, 0.05 cM), providing the best mapping population for positional cloning of alleles at the vrs1 locus. Conversion of AFLP bands into polymorphic sequence-tagged sites (STSs) is necessary for further high-throughput genotype scoring and for bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library screening. We cloned and sequenced the five AFLP bands and synthesized primer pairs. PCR amplification generated DNAs of the same size from all four parental lines for each marker. Restriction endonuclease treatment of e40m36-1110/AccIII, e34m13-260/Psp1406I, e52m32-270/FokI, and e31m26-520/MnlI revealed fragment length polymorphisms between 'Azumamugi' and all the two-rowed parents. Allelism between the AFLPs and corresponding STS markers was confirmed genetically, indicating the usefulness of the STSs as genetic markers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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