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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2004 Nov;82(11):1026-31.

Receptors subtypes involved in adenosine-mediated modulation of norepinephrine release from cardiac nerve terminals.

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Department of Medicine, St. Vincent Hospital, Worcester, MA 01608, USA.


The objective of this study was to determine which adenosine receptor subtypes were involved in the modulation of norepinephrine release from cardiac nerve terminals. In addition, the persistence of adenosine-mediated effects was evaluated. Rat hearts attached to the stellate ganglion were isolated and perfused. The ganglion was electrically stimulated twice (S1 and S2), allowing 10 min between the stimulations. To determine adenosine receptor subtypes, selective and nonselective adenosine agonists and antagonists were infused following S1 and until the end of S2. To evaluate the persistence of adenosine-mediated effect on norepinephrine release, the stellate ganglion was stimulated a third (S3) and fourth (S4) time. Coronary effluents were collected to determine norepinephrine content. Adenosine and a selective A1 receptor agonist, CCPA, inhibited norepinephrine release by 49% and 54%, respectively. This effect was reversed by simultaneous infusion of nonspecific (8-SPT) and specific (DPCPX) A1 receptor antagonists. Selective A2A (CGS 21680) and A3 (AB-MECA) receptor agonists had no discernible effect on norepinephrine release. Similarly, adenosine A2A receptor antagonists CSC and DMPX did not alter the dose-response relation between norepinephrine release and adenosine. Finally, the inhibitory effects of adenosine on norepinephrine release did not persist 10 min subsequent to the removal of adenosine. Adenosine inhibited norepinephrine release primarily via the adenosine A1 receptor. This effect of adenosine was of short duration. Adenosine A2A and A3 receptors were either absent or functionally insignificant in the regulation of norepinephrine release in the rat heart.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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