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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Apr;90(4):2122-6. Epub 2005 Jan 11.

Vitamin D repletion in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and coexistent vitamin D insufficiency.

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Department of Medicine, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand.


Vitamin D insufficiency is common in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and may be associated with more severe and progressive disease. Uncertainty exists, however, as to whether repletion of vitamin D should be undertaken in patients with PHPT. Here we report the effects of vitamin D repletion on biochemical outcomes over 1 yr in a group of 21 patients with mild PHPT [serum calcium <12 mg/dl (3 mmol/liter)] and coexistent vitamin D insufficiency [serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] <20 microg/liter (50 nmol/liter)]. In response to vitamin D repletion to a serum 25(OH)D level greater than 20 microg/liter (50 nmol/liter), mean levels of serum calcium and phosphate did not change, and serum calcium did not exceed 12 mg/dl (3 mmol/liter) in any patient. Levels of intact PTH fell by 24% at 6 months (P < 0.01) and 26% at 12 months (P < 0.01). There was an inverse relationship between the change in serum 25(OH)D and that in intact PTH (r = -0.43, P = 0.056). At 12 months, total serum alkaline phosphatase was significantly lower, and urine N-telopeptides tended to be lower than baseline values (P = 0.02 and 0.13, respectively). In two patients, 24-h urinary calcium excretion rose to exceed 400 mg/d, but the group mean 24-h urinary calcium excretion did not change. These preliminary data suggest that vitamin D repletion in patients with PHPT does not exacerbate hypercalcemia and may decrease levels of PTH and bone turnover. Some patients with PHPT may experience an increase in urinary calcium excretion after vitamin D repletion.

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