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J Biol Chem. 2005 Mar 18;280(11):9796-801. Epub 2005 Jan 10.

Restoration of growth to acidic phospholipid-deficient cells by DnaA(L366K) is independent of its capacity for nucleotide binding and exchange and requires DnaA.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Georgetown University Medical Center, 3900 Reservoir Rd. NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA.


In the absence of adequate levels of cellular acidic phospholipids, Escherichia coli remain viable but are arrested for growth. Expression of a DnaA protein that contains a single amino acid substitution in the membrane-binding domain, DnaA(L366K), in concert with expression of wild-type DnaA protein, restores growth. DnaA protein has high affinity for ATP and ADP, and in vitro lipid bilayers that are fluid and contain acidic phospholipids reactivate inert ADP-DnaA by promoting an exchange of ATP for ADP. Here, nucleotide and lipid interactions and replication activity of purified DnaA(L366K) were examined to gain insight into the mechanism of how it restores growth to cells lacking acidic phospholipids. DnaA(L366K) behaved like wild-type DnaA with respect to nucleotide binding affinities and hydrolysis properties, specificity of acidic phospholipids for nucleotide release, and origin binding. Yet, DnaA(L366K) was feeble at initiating replication from oriC unless augmented with a limiting quantity of wild-type DnaA, reflecting the in vivo requirement that both wild-type and a mutant form of DnaA must be expressed and act together to restore growth to acidic phospholipid deficient cells.

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