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FEBS Lett. 2005 Jan 17;579(2):373-8.

2-Aminoperimidine, a specific inhibitor of bacterial NhaA Na(+)/H(+) antiporters.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man., Canada R3T 2N2.


The diuretic drug amiloride and its numerous derivatives are competitive inhibitors of mammalian Na(+)/H(+) antiporters and other eukaryotic antiporters. Most prokaryotic antiporters, including the major NhaA family of enterobacteria, are resistant to these compounds. We show that 2-aminoperimidine (AP), a guanidine-containing naphthalene derivative with some similarity to amiloride, acts as a specific inhibitor of NhaA from Escherichia coli. Similar concentrations (IC(50) of 0.9 muM) inhibit the proton motive force dependent Na(+)(Li(+))/H(+) exchange reaction in inside-out sub-bacterial vesicles (at 10 mM NaCl, pH 8) as well as the initial rate of (22)Na(+)/Na(+) exchange mediated by pure NhaA in proteoliposomes. The inhibitor is specific to NhaA type antiporters, so AP is a new tool to study the mechanism and roles of NhaA antiporters of enterobacteria as well as the molecular basis of inhibition by an amiloride-like compound.

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