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J Acoust Soc Am. 1992 Mar;91(3):1587-607.

Evidence for two discrete sources of 2f1-f2 distortion-product otoacoustic emission in rabbit: I. Differential dependence on stimulus parameters.

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1
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Miami, Florida 33101.

Abstract

The results of studies of the physiological vulnerability of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) suggest that the DPOAE at 2f1-f2 in vertebrate ears is generated by more than one source. The principal aims of the present study were to provide independent evidence for the existence of more than one DPOAE source, and to determine the contributions of each to the ear-canal 2f1-f2 signal. To accomplish these aims, specific stimulus parameters were separately and systematically varied to provide detailed parametric information regarding 2f1-f2 DPOAE amplitude and phase in normal ears of awake rabbits. The findings indicate that two discrete sources, demonstrating differential dependence on stimulus parameters, dominate the generation of the 2f1-f2 DPOAE. One source of distortion is dominant above 60-70 dB SPL at moderate primary-frequency separations, and at all stimulus levels when the primary tones are closely spaced. The other source is dominant below 60-70 dB SPL at moderate primary-frequency separations, and may be dominant at all stimulus levels when the primary tones are widely separated in frequency. The results suggest that by varying stimulus parameters, it may be possible to independently study the two generator mechanisms.

PMID:
1564196
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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