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Contraception. 2005 Jan;71(1):35-9.

Unintended pregnancy risk in an emergency department population.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess unintended pregnancy risk and associated factors among female urban Baltimore emergency department (ED) attendees.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional anonymous questionnaire study was completed by 790 women, sufficient to detect a 5% difference of unintended pregnancy risk in the national population and a 10% intersite difference with 80% power. The results were analyzed with chi-square tests, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS:

Female ED attendees are at greater risk for unintended pregnancy (33.5%), particularly those of lower income (p=.006) and without a primary care provider (p=.003). Unintended pregnancy risk did not vary between sites by any variable except young age despite the fact that sites varied significantly by race, insurance and income measures.

CONCLUSION:

Women using the ED are at increased risk for unintended pregnancy and are less likely to have access to a regular medical care source; thus, the ED represents a possible contraceptive provision site.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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