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BJU Int. 2005 Jan;95(1):120-4.

Pedicled pubic phalloplasty in females with gender dysphoria.

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Institute of Urology, St. Peter's Hospital, UCH London, UK.



To describe a novel phalloplasty technique and to study the results and complications in female patients with gender dysphoria.


Between 1989 and 2000, 85 female-to-male transsexual patients had a phalloplasty fashioned from suprapubic abdominal wall flap that was tubed to form the phallus, and which incorporated the neourethra made from a pedicled tube of labial skin. The complete neourethral reconstruction was in one stage in 32 patients and in two in 48; five patients did not wish to have the neourethra fashioned.


The cosmetic appearance of the phallus was considered good in 68% of the patients. The major complications (in 60 patients) were related to the neourethra (75%) with stricture formation (64%) and/or fistulae (55%) predominating. This complication rate was significantly less (P < 0.001) when the neourethra was created in two stages. Once the neourethra was completed, patients were then offered both penile and testicular prostheses. Sexual intercourse was possible with no prosthesis in 16 patients.


The pubic phalloplasty offers an acceptable neophallus without disfiguring the donor skin site. The main complications stem from creating the neourethra and these may be reduced by a two-stage procedure.

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