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Am J Transplant. 2005 Jan;5(1):40-9.

FTY720 attenuates hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in normal and cirrhotic livers.

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Centre for the Study of Liver Disease and Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China.

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Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury is an inevitable consequence during liver surgery. The outcome is particularly poor in cirrhotic livers, which are more prone to hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. We aim to study whether FTY720 could attenuate hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury both in normal and in cirrhotic livers. We applied a 70% liver-ischemia (60 min) model in rats with normal or cirrhotic livers. FTY720 was given 20 min before ischemia and 10 min before reperfusion (1 mg/kg, i.v.). Liver tissues and blood were sampled at 20 min, 60 min, 90 min, 6 h and 24 h after reperfusion for detection of MAPK-Egr-1, Akt pathways and caspase cascade. Hepatic ultrastructure and apoptosis were also compared. FTY720 significantly improved liver function in the rats with normal and cirrhotic livers. Akt pathway was activated at 6 and 24 h after reperfusion. FTY720 significantly down-regulated Egr-1, ET-1, iNOS and MIP-2 accompanied with up-regulation of A20, IL-10, HO-1 and Hsp70. MAPK (Raf-MEK-Erk) pathway was down-regulated. Hepatic ultrastructure was well maintained and fewer apoptotic liver cells were found in the FTY720 groups. In conclusion, FTY720 attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury in both normal and cirrhotic livers by activation of cell survival Akt signaling and down-regulation of Egr-1 via Raf-MEK-Erk pathway.

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