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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1992 Jan 31;43(2):131-5.

For a systematic policy of i.v. oxytocin inducted placenta deliveries in a unit where a fairly active management of third stage of labour is yet applied: results of a controlled trial.

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Department of Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Reproduction, CHU de Tours, France.


The authors analysed the effect of the i.v. oxytocin induced third stage of labour in a controlled trial concerning 1000 patients. The appliance of such an policy in a unit that already had a fairly active management of delivery was very encouraging. The incidence of post-partum haemorrhage (greater than 500 ml) is significantly (P less than 0.001) less than in the control group; and the same for severe haemorrhage. The third stage is significantly (P less than 0.001) shorter in the oxytocin-injected group than in the control group. Moreover, there is no significant difference between the two groups for retained placenta. The economy of blood transfusion, which is a major concern nowadays, could be the real interest of this active management of the third stage of labour.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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