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FEBS Lett. 1992 Mar 30;300(2):183-7.

Messenger RNA sorting in enterocytes. Co-localization with encoded proteins.

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Center for Liver and Intestinal Research (CLDO), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


This study describes the intracellular compartmentalization of three different mRNAs in the polarized rat fetal enterocyte. They encode proteins that are known to be localized within different regions of the epithelial cell namely (i) the apical, membrane-bound glycoprotein, lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (lactase), (ii) the mitochondrially localized enzyme, carbamoylphosphate synthetase (CPS), and (iii) the cytoplasmically localized enzyme, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK). These mRNAs are found in close proximity to their respective protein products, i.e. the apical membrane, mitochondria and cytoplasm, respectively. The significance of these observations is twofold; (i) they indicate that mRNAs are sorted into specific domains of the cytosol of intestinal epithelial cells; and (ii) they imply the presence of two distinct pathways of mRNA targeting one that allows transport of mRNAs that are translated on ribosomes associated with the rough endoplasmic reticulum (lactase mRNA), and the other that allows sorting of mRNAs that are translated on free polysomes (CPS and PEPCK mRNA).

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