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Biochem J. 2005 Jan 15;385(Pt 2):595-603.

Apo2L/TRAIL induction and nuclear translocation of inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 2 during IFN-beta-induced apoptosis in ovarian carcinoma.

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Center for Cancer Drug Development and Discovery, Department of Cancer Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.


Previously, we have reported that overexpression of IHPK2 (inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 2) sensitized NIH-OVCAR-3 ovarian carcinoma cell lines to the growth-suppressive and apoptotic effects of IFN-beta (interferon-beta) treatment and gamma-irradiation. In the present study, we demonstrate that Apo2L/TRAIL (Apo2L/tumour-necrosis-factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) is a critical mediator of IFN-induced apoptosis in these cells. Compared with IFN-alpha2, IFN-beta is a more potent inducer of Apo2L/TRAIL and IHPK2 activity. Overexpression of IHPK2 converts IFN-alpha2-resistant cells into cells that readily undergo apoptosis in response to IFN-alpha2. In untreated cells transfected with IHPK2-eGFP (where eGFP stands for enhanced green fluorescent protein), the fusion protein is localized to the cytoplasm and perinuclear region. After treatment with IFN-beta, IHPK2-eGFP translocated to the nucleus. In cells transfected with mutant IHPK2-NLS-eGFP (where NLS stands for nuclear localization sequence), containing point mutations in the NLS, the fusion protein remained trapped in the cytoplasm, even after IFN-beta treatment. Cells expressing mutant NLS mutation were more resistant to IFN-beta. The IC50 value of IHPK2-expressing cells was 2-3-fold lower than vector control. The IC50 value of NLS-mutant-expressing cells was 3-fold higher than vector control. Blocking antibodies to Apo2L/TRAIL or transfection with a dominant negative Apo2L/TRAIL receptor (DR5Delta) inhibited the antiproliferative effects of IFN-beta. Thus overexpression of IHPK2 enhanced apoptotic effects of IFN-beta, and expression of the NLS mutant conferred resistance to IFN-beta. Apo2L/TRAIL expression and nuclear localization of IHPK2 are both required for the induction of apoptosis by IFN-beta in ovarian carcinoma.

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