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J Med Chem. 2005 Jan 13;48(1):266-73.

Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 1-aralkyl-4-benzylpiperidine and 1-aralkyl-4-benzylpiperazine derivatives as potent sigma ligands.

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Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universitá di Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 183, 41100 Modena, Italy.


In the attempt to define more accurately structure-affinity relationships for sigma(1) and sigma(2) ligands, we synthesized and tested on sigma subtype receptors a series of aralkyl derivatives of 4-benzylpiperidine, in which the effect of modifications on the aralkyl moiety was studied in a systematic way. The affinity of the compounds here described varied to a great extent, with a sigma(2)/sigma(1) selectivity ranging from 0.1 to 9. Thus, to confirm the ability of the piperazine derivative to bind to sigma(1) receptors in a different way than piperidines, we synthesized and tested a series of piperazine compounds; the comparison of their affinity with that of the corresponding piperidines strongly supports the possibility of a different binding mode. While the compounds here described are on the whole selective for sigma vs serotonin 5-HT(1A) and dopamine D(2) receptors, 9aa, 9ba and 9ab possess a remarkable affinity for both sigma and 5-HT(1A) receptors, with K(i) in the nanomolar range, and are selective with respect to D(2) receptors. They displayed also a partial agonist profile in a human 5-HT(1A) [(35)S]GTP gamma S binding assay, suggesting their potential use as atypical antipsychotic agents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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