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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Feb 4;327(1):124-9.

Characterization of the mutant (A115V) tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase gene from adult-type hypophosphatasia.

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Department of Hard Tissue Engineering (Periodontology), Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.


Hypophosphatasia (HOPS) is a clinically heterogeneous heritable disorder characterized by defective skeletal mineralization, deficiency of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) activity, and premature loss of deciduous teeth. To date, various mutations in the TNSALP gene have been identified. Especially, A115V located in exon 5 has been detected in a Japanese patient with severe periodontitis and adult-type HOPS. In this study, we have characterized the protein translated from the mutant A115V gene. Wild-type and A115V mutant-type TNSALP cDNA expression vector pcDNA3 have been constructed and transfected to COS-1 cells by lipofectin technique. After 48-h transfection, the cells were subjected to assay ALP activity. In order to identify possible dominant effect of the mutation, we performed co-transfections of wild-type and mutated cDNA, and evaluated the residual activities of each mutation. Detection of TNSALP synthesized by COS-1 cells transfected with the wild- or the mutated-type was also performed by using an immunofluorescent method. ALP activity of cell transfected with the mutant cDNA (A115V) plasmid after 48-h transfection exhibited 0.399+/-0.021 U/mg. As the enzymatic activity of the wild type was taken as 100%, the value of the mutant was estimated as 16.9%. When co-transfected this mutant showed no inhibition of the wild-type enzyme. TNSALP in COS-1 cells with transfected with the mutant exhibited strong fluorescence at the surface of cells as wild-type. This study indicated that the mutant (A115V) TNSALP gene produced the defective ALP enzyme and it could be recessively transmitted and be a disease-causing mutation of the adult-type hypophosphatasia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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