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Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Dec;138(6):952-8.

Pars-plana vitrectomy alone vs vitrectomy with scleral buckling for primary rhegmatogenous pseudophakic retinal detachment.

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Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.



To compare primary pars-plana vitrectomy (PPV) alone vs vitrectomy with an encircling scleral buckling procedure for the treatment of primary rhegmatogenous pseudophakic retinal detachment (PsRD).


Prospective, nonrandomized, comparative study.


All 71 eyes of 68 consecutive patients with PsRD presented to our service between 1998 and 2002 were offered either vitrectomy alone (group-A) or vitrectomy in combination with encircling scleral buckling procedure (group-B). Preoperative and postoperative patient characteristics were recorded in detail. Main outcome measures were reattachment with a single surgery, visual acuity, and reattachment surgery-related complications.


Retina reattachment with a single surgery was achieved in 97.78% in group A and 92.31% in group B. Visual acuity improved by 3 or more lines in 60% in group A and 69% in group B. Mean postoperative refractive error change (spherical) was -0.05 diopters in group A and -1.43 diopters in group B. Postoperative intraocular pressure on long-term follow-up was elevated in 4.44% (group A) and 34.61% (group B). Average follow-up was 12.45 months (+/-5.23 SD) ranging from 9 to 40 months. We detected additional breaks intraoperatively in 54.9% of cases (both groups).


Vitrectomy is an effective initial treatment for PsRD, whereas the benefit of an additional encircling buckling procedure is questionable.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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