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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Feb 11;327(2):609-14.

Human umbilical cord blood cells improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction.

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  • 1Department of Cardiac Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. <>


Human umbilical cord blood (UCB) contains an abundance of immature stem/progenitor cells and has been clinically used as an alternative to bone marrow transplantation. In addition, cord blood can be obtained non-invasively, in contrast to invasive bone marrow aspiration. We investigated the potential of human UCB CD34(+) cells to improve cardiac function following myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction was induced in Wistar rats by ligation of the left coronary artery. Either 2x10(5) human UCB CD34(+) cells or equivalent cell-free medium was injected into the injured myocardium of the rats following induction of myocardial infarction. CD34(+) cell transplantation significantly improved ventricular function as compared to the control group. Immunofluorescence staining for human CD34, CD45, and PECAM-1 revealed surviving cells in the myocardium. Our findings suggest that transplanted human cells survived and improved cardiac function following myocardial infarction. These results may show the usefulness of UCB CD34(+) cells for myocardial infarction.

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