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Nutrition. 1992 Jan-Feb;8(1):22-5.

Relationship of resting energy expenditure with liver function and nutritional status in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis.

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Service des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif, Hôpital Saint-Eloi, Montpellier, France.


Resting energy expenditures (REEs) were measured in 40 alcoholic cirrhotic (AC) patients by indirect calorimetry and corrected for 24-h urinary creatinine and excretion. These REEs were compared according to the stage of severity of the cirrhosis, the nutritional status, and the presence or absence of alcoholic hepatitis (AH). Mean REE was not significantly different between the Child class A, B, and C patients, even when corrected for 24-h urinary creatinine. Mean REE was significantly less in malnourished AC than in well-nourished patients (1308 +/- 285 vs. 1531 +/- 255 kcal, p less than 0.02). However, when measured energy expenditure was corrected for 24-h urinary creatinine, the difference between the two groups of patients disappeared (1800 +/- 540 kcal/g creatinine in malnourished patients vs. 1890 +/- 780 kcal/g creatinine in well-nourished patients). Finally, there was no significant difference between the REE, corrected or not, for the 24-h urinary creatinine in AC with or without AH. Thus, when REE is normalized to lean body mass, represented by 24-h urinary creatinine, the metabolic activity in AC is not dependent on the severity of the cirrhosis, nutritional status, or existence of AH.

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