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Rheumatol Int. 2005 Dec;26(2):152-6. Epub 2004 Dec 31.

Active disease during pregnancy is associated with poor foetal outcome in Indian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

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Department of Immunology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, 226014, India.


There is a paucity of data regarding the outcome of pregnancy from the Indian subcontinent. Therefore, we decided to analyse the outcome of pregnancy in our cohort of mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Data regarding pregnancies after onset of disease in patients with SLE was analysed in terms of number of pregnancies, effect of pregnancy on disease activity and effect of disease such as organ involvement, presence of anticardiolipin and anti-Ro antibodies, on the outcome of pregnancy. Fifty-two pregnancies occurred in 31 patients. Thirty-one and 21 pregnancies occurred when the disease was inactive and active, respectively. Excluding the 11 induced abortions, the live birth rate was 82.6% in the inactive group and 27.7% in the active group. Foetal loss was mainly due to 12 spontaneous abortions. There were three stillbirths and two neonatal deaths. Disease flare occurred only in the active group, one during pregnancy and two post-partum, one of which resulted in the death of the patient. The presence of antibodies to cardiolipin and to Ro/La was not associated with adverse outcome. Thus, the live birth rate in developing countries in SLE mothers is worse compared with developed countries. Active disease during pregnancy is significantly associated with increased foetal loss.

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