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Res Nurs Health. 2005 Feb;28(1):79-90.

Nurses, smoking, and the workplace.

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UCLA School of Nursing, University of California-Los Angeles, 700 Tiverton Avenue, Box 956918, Factor Building 4-262, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.


The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes and experiences of nurses regarding smoking and smoking cessation in the workplace. Eight focus groups were conducted with current or former smokers (n = 60). A questionnaire provided information about smoking history. Content analysis revealed six themes: taking breaks, stress and smoking, social support from colleagues, hiding smoking from patients and their families, impact of workplace smoking restrictions, and challenges to smoking cessation in the workplace. Nurses who smoke were perceived as taking more breaks and spending less time with patients than those who do not smoke. These findings document the impact of smoking among nurses in the workplace. Strategies are needed to support smoking cessation efforts of nurses as an important occupational health issue.

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