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J Cell Biol. 2005 Jan 3;168(1):89-101. Epub 2004 Dec 28.

HECT ubiquitin ligases link viral and cellular PPXY motifs to the vacuolar protein-sorting pathway.

Author information

1
Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center and The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA.

Abstract

Many enveloped viruses exploit the class E vacuolar protein-sorting (VPS) pathway to bud from cells, and use peptide motifs to recruit specific class E VPS factors. Homologous to E6AP COOH terminus (HECT) ubiquitin ligases have been implicated as cofactors for PPXY motif-dependent budding, but precisely which members of this family are responsible, and how they access the VPS pathway is unclear. Here, we show that PPXY-dependent viral budding is unusually sensitive to inhibitory fragments derived from specific HECT ubiquitin ligases, namely WWP1 and WWP2. We also show that WWP1, WWP2, or Itch ubiquitin ligase recruitment promotes PPXY-dependent virion release, and that this function requires that the HECT ubiquitin ligase domain be catalytically active. Finally, we show that several mammalian HECT ubiquitin ligases, including WWP1, WWP2, and Itch are recruited to class E compartments induced by dominant negative forms of the class E VPS ATPase, VPS4. These data indicate that specific HECT ubiquitin ligases can link PPXY motifs to the VPS pathway to induce viral budding.

PMID:
15623582
PMCID:
PMC2171676
DOI:
10.1083/jcb.200408155
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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