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Nutr Cancer. 2004;50(2):155-60.

Effects of low-fat and/or high-fruit-and-vegetable diets on plasma levels of 8-isoprostane-F2alpha in the Nutrition and Breast Health study.

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Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


Dietary patterns that involve both a decrease in fat and an increase in fruit and vegetable (FV) intake may decrease cancer risks. In this study, a total of 122 premenopausal women with a family history of breast cancer were randomized into one of four diets for 12 mo: nonintervention, low-fat (15% of energy from fat), high-FV(9 servings/d), and combination low-fat/high-FV Fasting blood samples were obtained at baseline and after 3, 6, and 12 mo. Levels of 8-isoprostane-F2a in plasma were deter-mined by immunoassay kits. Statistical analyses indicated that levels of 8-isoprostane-F2a decreased significantly with time in the low-fat arm, which is the only intervention that resulted in weight loss; there were no significant changes in the other three diet arms. It is unlikely that this is due to changes in levels of blood lipids because there was little change overtime in plasma total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein,low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or triglyceride levels in any diet arm, although mean LDL did decrease slightly in women who reduced fat intake after adjustment for change in body mass index (BMI). Levels of baseline 8-isoprostane-F2a were significantly higher in obese women than in overweight or normal weight women, and change in BMI was significantly correlated with change in 8-isoprostane-F2a levels. These results indicate that low-fat diets or high-FV diets are unlikely to affect plasma levels of 8-isoprostane-F2a in healthy,premenopausal women who do not lose weight during dietary change.

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