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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2005 Feb 10;103(3-4):207-15.

Equine herpesvirus-1 infection induces IFN-gamma production by equine T lymphocyte subsets.

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Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.


A commercial bovine IFN-gamma-specific monoclonal antibody was used to measure antigen-specific IFN-gamma production by equine lymphocytes. Paired PBMC samples were collected from six ponies prior to and 10 days after challenge infection with equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1). Each sample was stimulated in vitro with EHV-1, virus-free medium, or PMA and ionomycin, and labelled with monoclonal antibodies specific for various equine lymphocyte subset markers. Following fixation, intracellular IFN-gamma was detected using a FITC-conjugated bovine IFN-gamma-specific monoclonal antibody. In vitro restimulation of PBMC with EHV-1 induced IFN-gamma production by a significantly higher percentage of total (CD5(+)) T lymphocytes, and CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocyte subsets among post-EHV-1 infection PBMC samples compared to pre-infection samples. This response was associated with an increase in virus-specific CTL activity, a critical immune effector for the control of EHV-1 infection and disease. No significant increase in IFN-gamma production by B lymphocytes was observed. These data demonstrate that EHV-1 challenge infection of ponies results in increased production of IFN-gamma by virus-specific T lymphocytes, and that this response can be quantitated using flow cytometry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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