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Transplant Proc. 2004 Nov;36(9):2632-4.

Long-term outcome of renal transplantation in patients with familial Mediterranean fever amyloidosis: a single-center experience.

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Department of Nephrology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.


Although recurrence of amyloid A deposition in the allograft can be seen in patients with secondary amyloidosis due to familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), renal transplantation remains to be a choice of treatment for end-stage renal disease. The aim of this study was to determine short- and long-term results of renal transplantation in patients with FMF amyloidosis. We compared the outcomes of 17 patients with FMF amyloidosis among 431 (3.9%) transplants with 209 control patients. We observed 93% and 94% graft and patient survivals at 1 year, and 89% and 90% at 5 years. Also, the mean serum creatinine levels at 1 and 5 years posttransplant were similar. Recurrence of amyloidosis was documented in two allograft recipients presenting with nephrotic range proteinuria (12%), one of whom lost the allograft due to recurrence. Eleven patients had FMF gene analysis. The results of MEFV mutation analyses were: M694V/M694V homozygote in six patients, M694V/EQ148 in one patient, M694V/V726A in one patient, 680M-I/E148Q in one patient. FMF gene analysis was negative in two patients. Recurrence was noticed in one patient with M694V/M694V, while the other did not have an FMF gene analysis. Colchicine was reduced in nine patients due to side effects. In conclusion, the long-term outcomes of transplantation in patients with amyloidosis secondary to FMF is similar to that in the general transplant population and maintenance colchicine, even at low dose, appears to effectively prevent recurrence of amyloidosis in the allograft.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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