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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2005 Jan;25(1):31-7.

Mechanisms of resistance in Salmonella enterica adapted to erythromycin, benzalkonium chloride and triclosan.

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Microbiology, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK.


The potential for adaptive resistance of S. enterica serovar Enteritidis, Typhimurium and Virchow to increasing sub-lethal concentrations of erythromycin, benzalkonium chloride and triclosan was investigated to identify mechanisms underlying resistance. Permeability changes of the outer membrane, including LPS, cell surface charge, hydrophobicity and the presence of an active efflux in the adapted strain compared with the parent were studied. Examination of the outer membrane and LPS did not reveal any significant changes, although most of the pre-adapted strains were notably less hydrophobic than resistant strains. More than one type of active efflux was identified in all strains investigated, on the basis of restored sensitivity in the presence of the inhibitors reserpine and carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP). Cell surface hydrophobicity and the presence of active efflux could contribute to the resistance of S. enterica to the antibacterial agents studied here.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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