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Cryo Letters. 2004 Sep-Oct;25(5):335-40.

A simple ice nucleation spectrometer.

Author information

1
Department of Zoology, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand. david.wharton@stonebow.otago.ac.nz

Abstract

The construction of a simple ice nucleation spectrometer is described. It uses 10 microliter droplets loaded into glass capillary tubes which are then inserted into an aluminium holder. Each holder takes six capillary tubes surrounding a central thermocouple. Four holders are placed into a cooling block, cooled by fluid from a programmable refrigerated circulator, and the thermocouples interfaced to a computer to record temperatures. Freezing of each sample is detected by an exotherm on the temperature recording, with 24 samples recorded per run. The spectrometer was tested using deionized water, an extract from a New Zealand alpine cockroach and an extract of lawn grass. The cockroach extract is estimated to contain about 10(3) more nucleators, active at -5 degrees C, than the grass extract.

PMID:
15618985
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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