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Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2003;18(3):163-72.

Production of inhibitory polyclonal antibodies against cytochrome P450s.

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Bio-Department, Nosan Corporation, Yokohama, Japan.


Nine different antibodies against P450 isoforms were prepared using purified cytochrome P450s (P450) expressed in E. coli. Purified isozymes were injected into rabbits to raise specific antibody. The resulting antibodies were characterized for their specificity and sensitivity through each particular P450 enzyme-mediated probe reaction.Anti-CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4 antibodies proved to be strong immunoinhibitors with inhibitory effects specific to their corresponding antigen. Antiserum derived from the CYP2C19-immunized rabbits was reacted with CYP2C9 as well as CYP2C19 and immunoabsorbed with membrane-bound CYP2C9 expressed in E. coli. Antibody specific for CYP2C19 was obtained. Anti-CYP2C19 together with the anti-CYP2C8 and anti-CYP2C9 can be very useful for determining the contribution of a particular P450 in the metabolism of a drug. The developed inhibitory antibodies will serve as in vitro-specific tools for evaluating the quantitative contribution of individual P450 enzymes to drug metabolism.

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