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World J Surg. 1992 Mar-Apr;16(2):234-40.

In transit metastases of malignant melanoma treated by high dose rTNF alpha in combination with interferon-gamma and melphalan in isolation perfusion.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Jules Bordet Institute, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.

Abstract

To increase the therapeutic efficacy of recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha (rTNF alpha) and reduce the systemic side effects, a protocol was designed using isolation perfusion of the limbs with hyperthermia for in transit metastases of melanoma. A triple combination of high dose rTNF alpha + recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma) + melphalan was chosen because of a synergistic anti-tumor effect of rTNF alpha with rIFN-gamma and of rTNF alpha with alkylating agents reported in the literature. Twenty-nine patients of mean age 60 years (range 22-82 years) entered the study after informed consent and received a total of 31 isolation perfusions with the triple combination. There were 24 women and 5 men with multiple progressive in transit melanoma metastases of the lower limb (stage IIIa or IIIab). rTNF alpha at the unique dose of 4 mg was injected as a bolus in the arterial line, under mild hyperthermic conditions (40 to 40.5 degrees C) for 90 minutes. rIFN-gamma was given subcutaneously on days -2 and -1 and in the perfusate, with rTNF alpha, at the dose of 0.2 mg. Melphalan was administered in the perfusate at dose giving a concentration of 40 micrograms/ml. In all the 31 isolation perfusions performed in the triple combination protocol, in order to prevent a septic shock-like syndrome which had been encountered in 2 patients treated outside this protocol for sarcoma and carcinoma, the patients received dopamine continuous infusion at 3 micrograms/kg/min from the start of isolation perfusion and for 48 hours, and only showed mild hypotension and very transient chills and temperature.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
1561804
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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