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Cancer Lett. 2005 Jan 20;217(2):139-47.

Down-regulation of DNA polymerases kappa, eta, iota, and zeta in human lung, stomach, and colorectal cancers.

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  • 1Cancer Institute, The Second Affiliated Hospital, The Medical Collage, Zhejiang University, 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China.


Human DNA polymerases kappa, eta, iota, and zeta are responsible for the translesion DNA synthesis. Numerous in vitro studies indicated that these enzymes may contribute to DNA lesion-triggered and spontaneous mutation. We measured the transcripts of these 4 enzymes in 131 self-paired cancerous and non-tumor samples, including 23 lung cancers, 49 stomach cancers, and 59 colorectal cancers. Our results indicated that, except pol eta in colorectal cancers, these enzymes are all significantly down-regulated in human lung, stomach, and colorectal cancers, suggesting that these enzymes are probably not closely associated with the elevated mutations in human cancer.

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