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J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 25;280(8):6692-700. Epub 2004 Dec 22.

Identification of the cytoplasmic domains of CXCR4 involved in Jak2 and STAT3 phosphorylation.

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Laboratoire Infections R├ętrovirales et Signalisation Cellulaire, CNRS UMR 5121, Institut de Biologie, 4, Bd Henri IV, CS 89508, 34960 Montpellier Cedex 2, France.


The chemokine SDF-1alpha transduces G(i)-dependent and -independent signals through CXCR4. Activation of Jak2/STAT3, a G(i)-independent signaling pathway, which plays a major role in survival signals, is known to be activated after SDF-1alpha binding to CXCR4 but the domains of CXCR4 involved in this signaling remain unexplored. Using human embryonic kidney HEK-293 cells stably expressing wild-type or mutated forms of CXCR4, we demonstrated that STAT3 phosphorylation requires the N-terminal part of the third intracellular loop (ICL3) and the tyrosine 157 present at the end of the second intracellular loop (ICL2) of CXCR4. In contrast, neither the conserved Tyr(135) in the DRY motif at the N terminus of ICL2 nor the Tyr(65) and Tyr(76) in the first intracellular loop (ICL1) are involved in this activation. ICL3, which does not contain any tyrosine residues, is needed to activate Jak2. These results demonstrate that two separate domains of CXCR4 are involved in Jak2/STAT3 signaling. The N-terminal part of ICL3 is needed to activate Jak2 after SDF-1alpha binding to CXCR4, leading to phosphorylation of only one cytoplasmic Tyr, present at the C terminus of ICL2, which triggers STAT3 activation. This work has profound implications for the understanding of CXCR4-transduced signaling.

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