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J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 25;280(8):6663-8. Epub 2004 Dec 21.

Intracellular retention of caveolin 1 in presenilin-deficient cells.

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Department of Urology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA.


Mutations in genes encoding presenilins (PS1 and PS2) are responsible for the majority of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease. PS, a critical component of gamma-secretase, is responsible for the intramembranous cleavage of amyloid precursor protein and Notch. Other physiological functions have been assigned to PS without any clear identification of the mechanisms underlying these multiple biological roles. The early embryonic lethality of PS1 and PS2 double knock-out (PS1/2 null) mice prevents the evaluation of physiological roles of PS. To investigate new functions for presenilins, we performed a proteomic approach by using cells derived from PS1/2 null blastocysts and wild type controls. We identified a presenilin-dependent cell-surface binding of albumin. Binding of albumin depends on intact caveolae on the cellular surface. Abnormal caveolin 1 localization in PS1/2 null cells was associated with a loss of caveolae and an absence of caveolin 1 expression within lipid rafts. Expressing PS1 or PS2 but not the intracellular form of Notch1 in PS1/2 null cells restored normal caveolin 1 localization, demonstrating that presenilins are required for the subcellular trafficking of caveolin 1 independently from Notch activity. Despite an expression of both caveolin 1 and PS1 within lipid raft-enriched fractions after sucrose density centrifugation in wild type cells, no direct interaction between these two proteins was detected, implying that presenilins affect caveolin 1 trafficking in an indirect manner. We conclude that presenilins are required for caveolae formation by controlling transport of intracellular caveolin 1 to the plasma membrane.

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