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Mol Biol (Mosk). 2004 Nov-Dec;38(6):1005-13.

[Methylation of the putative tumor suppressor gene, RASSF1A, in primary cervical tumors].

[Article in Russian]


The methylation level of 13 CpG-dinucleotides in the promoter region of the putative tumor suppressor gene RASSF1A (3p21.31) was analyzed in HPV-positive squamous cell carcinomas of cervix using methyl-sensitive restriction endonuclease analysis followed by PCR. The methylation from 3 to 13 CpG-dinucleotides was observed in 64% (25/39) tumors, 22% (2/9) morphologically normal tissues adjacent to tumors (P = 0.0306) and in 2 from 3 leucocytes of peripheral blood of patients. The methylation of these CpG-dinucleotides was absent in DNA of healthy donor leucocytes (0/10). Methylation level of the examined fragment of the RASSF1A promoter region was significantly higher in tumors of patients with lymph node metastases in comparison to tumors of patients without metastases (P = 8.5 x 10(-12)). The methylation frequency of RASSF1A gene was in two times higher than hemi- and homozygous deletion frequency at the region of location of this gene (chromosome 3p21.31), determined earlier. These data suggest that methylation of the RASSF1A gene is one of the main ways of this gene inactivation in HPV-positive cervical squamous cell carcinomas. The methylation of the RASSF1A gene is an early event in genesis of tumor and the level of methylation increased with tumor progression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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