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Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2004 Feb;48(1):9-15. Epub 2004 Jun 1.

[Enzymes involved in thyroid iodide organification].

[Article in Portuguese]

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Servi├žo de Endocrinologia, Hospital Universit├írio Clementino Fraga Filho, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ.


Thyroid hormone biosynthesis depends on iodide uptake and its incorporation into the acceptor protein thyroglobulin (Tg), a high molecular weight protein secreted into the follicular lumen. The sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) is responsible for thyroid iodide uptake, the first step in thyroid hormonogenesis. Iodide is subsequently transported through the cellular membrane by pendrin (PDS) and then incorporated into Tg. Iodide oxidation and organification occur mainly in the thyrocyte apical surface and these reactions are catalyzed by thyroperoxidase (TPO) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Thus, thyroid iodide organification depends on TPO activity, which is modulated by the concentration of substrates (thyroglobulin and iodide) and cofactor (hydrogen peroxide). Hydrogen peroxide generation is catalyzed by the thyroid NADPH oxidase (ThOx), which is present in the apical pole of thyrocytes, is stimulated by thyrotropin and is inhibited by iodide. Hydrogen peroxide generation is the limiting step in thyroid hormone biosynthesis under iodine sufficiency conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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