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J Immunol. 2005 Jan 1;174(1):507-16.

SHIP down-regulates FcepsilonR1-induced degranulation at supraoptimal IgE or antigen levels.

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Department of Molecular Immunology, Biology III, University of Freiburg and Max-Planck-Institute for Immunobiology, Stübeweg 51, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.


Cross-linking of the IgE-loaded high-affinity IgE receptor (FcepsilonR1) by multivalent Ags results in mast cell activation and subsequent release of multiple proinflammatory mediators. The dose-response curve for FcepsilonR1-mediated degranulation is bell-shaped, regardless of whether the IgE or the Ag concentration is varied. Although overall calcium influx follows this bell-shaped curve, intracellular calcium release continues to increase at supraoptimal IgE or Ag concentrations. As well, overall calcium mobilization adopts more transient kinetics when stimulations are conducted with supraoptimal instead of optimal Ag concentrations. Moreover, certain early signaling events continue to increase whereas degranulation drops under supraoptimal conditions. We identified SHIP, possibly in association with the FcepsilonR1 beta-chain, as a critical negative regulator acting within the inhibitory (supraoptimal) region of the dose-response curve that shifts the kinetics of calcium mobilization from a sustained to a transient response. Consistent with this, we found that degranulation of SHIP-deficient murine bone marrow-derived mast cells was not significantly reduced at supraoptimal Ag levels. A potential mediator of SHIP action, Bruton's tyrosine kinase, did not seem to play a role within the supraoptimal suppression of degranulation. Interestingly, SHIP was found to colocalize with the actin cytoskeleton (which has been shown previously to mediate the inhibition of degranulation at supraoptimal Ag doses). These results suggest that SHIP, together with other negative regulators, restrains bone marrow-derived mast cell activation at supraoptimal IgE or Ag concentrations in concert with the actin cytoskeleton.

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