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J Immunol. 2005 Jan 1;174(1):180-94.

CD28 regulates the translation of Bcl-xL via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin pathway.

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Department of Immunology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


In concert with the TCR, CD28 promotes T cell survival by regulating the expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-x(L). The mechanism by which CD28 mediates the induction of Bcl-x(L) remains unknown. We show that although signaling through the TCR is sufficient to stimulate transcription of Bcl-x(L) mRNA, CD28, by activating PI3K and mammalian target of rapamycin, provides a critical signal that regulates the translation of Bcl-x(L) transcripts. We observe that CD28 induced 4E-binding protein-1 phosphorylation, an inhibitor of the translational machinery, and that CD28 costimulation directly augmented the translation of a Bcl-x(L) 5'-untranslated region reporter construct. Lastly, costimulation by CD28 shifted the distribution of Bcl-x(L) mRNA transcripts from the pretranslation complex to the translationally active polyribosomes. These results demonstrate that CD28 relieves the translational inhibition of Bcl-x(L) in a PI3K/mammalian target of rapamycin-dependent manner.

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