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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Dec;85(12):2020-9.

The JFK Coma Recovery Scale-Revised: measurement characteristics and diagnostic utility.

Author information

1
JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute and New Jersey Neuroscience Institute, JFK Medical Center, Edison, NJ 08820, USA. jgiacino@solarishs.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the measurement properties and diagnostic utility of the JFK Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R).

DESIGN:

Analysis of interrater and test-retest reliability, internal consistency, concurrent validity, and diagnostic accuracy.

SETTING:

Acute inpatient brain injury rehabilitation hospital.

PARTICIPANTS:

Convenience sample of 80 patients with severe acquired brain injury admitted to an inpatient Coma Intervention Program with a diagnosis of either vegetative state (VS) or minimally conscious state (MCS).

INTERVENTIONS:

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The CRS-R, the JFK Coma Recovery Scale (CRS), and the Disability Rating Scale (DRS).

RESULTS:

Interrater and test-retest reliability were high for CRS-R total scores. Subscale analysis showed moderate to high interrater and test-retest agreement although systematic differences in scoring were noted on the visual and oromotor/verbal subscales. CRS-R total scores correlated significantly with total scores on the CRS and DRS indicating acceptable concurrent validity. The CRS-R was able to distinguish 10 patients in an MCS who were otherwise misclassified as in a VS by the DRS.

CONCLUSIONS:

The CRS-R can be administered reliably by trained examiners and repeated measurements yield stable estimates of patient status. CRS-R subscale scores demonstrated good agreement across raters and ratings but should be used cautiously because some scores were underrepresented in the current study. The CRS-R appears capable of differentiating patients in an MCS from those in a VS.

PMID:
15605342
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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