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Obes Surg. 2004 Nov-Dec;14(10):1389-92.

Impact of surgically-induced weight loss on respiratory function: a prospective analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Morbid obesity (MO) causes several degrees of respiratory impairment that may resolve after weight reduction. The aims of the present study were to investigate the frequency of respiratory impairment in a selected cohort of morbidly obese patients with BMI 40-50 kg/m(2) with no respiratory symptoms and to evaluate the impact of surgically-induced weight loss on respiratory function.

METHODS:

Prospective analysis of respiratory impairment was conducted before surgery and 1 year after surgery in a cohort of patients with MO who underwent vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG). 30 consecutive patients with MO who underwent VBG (14 open and 16 laparoscopic) in a 1-year period were studied. Respiratory function tests, arterial blood gases and hemoglobin were obtained in all patients before and 1 year after VBG.

RESULTS:

Results were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Spearman for variables without normal distribution. Mean age was 35+/-8 years; there were 3 males and 27 females. BMI was 44+/-4 kg/m(2) before surgery and 32+/-4 kg/m(2) at 1-year follow-up. By respiratory function tests, the diagnosis of obstructive disease was made before surgery in 4 patients and a restrictive disorder was identified in 4 additional patients. Evidence of pulmonary disease was absent in all patients 1 year after surgery. Forced vital capacity, inspiratory and expiratory forces, tidal volume, SaO(2), and PaCO(2) significantly improved after weight reduction.

CONCLUSION:

Surgically-induced weight loss significantly improves pulmonary function.

PMID:
15603656
DOI:
10.1381/0960892042583996
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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