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J Card Fail. 2004 Dec;10(6):473-80.

A multicenter disease management program for hospitalized patients with heart failure.

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1
Division of Cardiology and Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, 220 College Plaza, Edmonton, Canada T6G 2C8.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite the availability of proven therapies, outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) remain poor. In this 2-stage, multicenter trial, we evaluated the effect of a disease management program on clinical and economic outcomes in patients with HF.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

In Stage 1, a pharmacist or nurse assessed each patient and made recommendations to the physician to add or adjust angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and other HF medications. Before discharge (Stage 2), patients were randomized to a patient support program (PSP) (education about HF, self-monitoring, adherence aids, newsletters, telephone hotline, and follow-up at 2 weeks, then monthly for 6 months after discharge) or usual care. In Stage 1 (766 patients) ACE inhibitor use increased from 58% on admission to 83% at discharge (P < .0001), and the daily dose (in enalapril equivalents) increased from 11.3 +/- 8.8 mg to 14.5 +/- 8.8 mg (P < .0001). In Stage 2 (276 patients) there was no difference in ACE inhibitor adherence, but a reduction in cardiovascular-related emergency room visits (49 versus 20, P = .030), hospitalization days (812 versus 341, P = .003), and cost of care (2,531 Canadian dollars less per patient) in favor of the PSP.

CONCLUSION:

Simple interventions can improve ACE inhibitor use and patient outcomes.

PMID:
15599837
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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