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J Biol Chem. 1992 Apr 15;267(11):7342-51.

Purine nucleoside phosphorylase. Kinetic mechanism of the enzyme from calf spleen.

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Experimental Therapy Division, Wellcome Research Laboratories, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.


Ribose 1-phosphate, phosphate, and acyclovir diphosphate quenched the fluorescence of purine nucleoside phosphorylase at pH 7.1 and 25 degrees C. The fluorescence of enzyme-bound guanine was similar to that of anionic guanine in ethanol. Guanine and ribose 1-phosphate bound to free enzyme, whereas inosine and guanosine were not bound to free enzyme in the absence of phosphate. Thus, synthesis proceeded by a random mechanism, and phosphorolysis proceeded by an ordered mechanism. Steady-state kinetic data for the phosphorolysis of 100 microM guanosine were fitted to a bifunctional kinetic model with catalytic rate constants of 22 and 1.3 s-1. The dissociation rate constants for guanine from the enzyme-guanine complex at high and low phosphate concentrations were similar to the catalytic rate constants. Fluorescence changes of the enzyme during phosphorolysis suggested that ribose 1-phosphate dissociated from the enzyme ribose 1-phosphate-guanine complex rapidly and that guanine dissociated from the enzyme-guanine complex slowly. The association and dissociation rate constants for acyclovir diphosphate, a potent inhibitor of the enzyme (Tuttle, J. V., and Krenitsky, T. A. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 4065-4069), were also dependent on phosphate concentration. The effects of phosphate are discussed in terms of a dual functional binding site for phosphate.

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