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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2005 Jan;66(4):373-6. Epub 2004 Nov 16.

HBMMD: an enhanced database of the microorganisms associated with deeper water marine invertebrates.

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Division of Biomedical Marine Research, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Inc., 5600 US Highway 1 North, Fort Pierce, FL 34946, USA.


The Harbor Branch Marine Microbial Database (HBMMD) provides preliminary taxonomic identifications and features of microorganisms maintained in the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution Marine Microbial Culture Collection. The microbes are primarily derived from marine invertebrates such as sponges (phylum Porifera) and soft corals (phylum Cnidaria) found in deep water environments [>120 feet (>35 m) seawater]. The microbes isolated from within marine invertebrates represent some unique taxa and phylogenetic signatures. The database provides a user-friendly method to systemically search or sort a desired input. The site allows a powerful search for multiple parameters of any entry. Images of the microbes are contained within the database and can be accessed from the website. The HBMMD homepage is located at

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