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Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2000 Oct-Dec;42(4):239-48.

Molecular characterization of aspergillus fumigatus allergens.

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Allergy-Immunology Division, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, USA.


Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) is ubiquitous saprophytic fungus associated with a broad spectrum of diseases in humans. These diseases range from benign colonization of the lung to life threatening diseases such as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and invasive aspergillosis. Af is the etiologic agent identified in most of the Aspergillus related human diseases and is therefore of particular clinical importance. Af induced obstructive airway diseases may be due to transient exposure to fungal spores resulting in a T helper 2 response. The IgE mediated inflammatory reaction could be due to colonization of bronchial airway epithelium by Af. Early and precise diagnosis of Aspergillus induced respiratory allergy is essential for preventing irreversible lung damages. The major problems in the diagnosis of A. fumigatus induced diseases are due to the lack of standardized and well characterized fungal extracts. The advent of molecular cloning technology and the development of phage surface display technology for cloning genes have facilitated the isolation of more relevant recombinant allergens. Using these techniques, a panel of different Af allergens having distinct IgE binding with various groups of Af sensitized patients have been cloned and characterized. These allergens can be categorized functionally as secreted and cytoplasmic proteins. The distinct IgE binding property of these purified and well characterized recombinant Af allergens may be useful for the differential diagnosis of Af related pulmonary complications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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