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Genomics. 1992 Mar;12(3):590-5.

Convenient and quantitative determination of the frequency of a mutant allele using solid-phase minisequencing: application to aspartylglucosaminuria in Finland.

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Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.


Aspartylglucosaminuria (AGU) is a recessively inherited lysosomal disease caused by inadequate aspartylglucosaminidase (AGA) activity. The disease is prevalent in the genetically isolated Finnish population. We have used a new method, solid-phase minisequencing, to determine the frequency of two missense mutations in the AGA gene in this population. In samples from 70% of the Finnish AGU families, we found that the two nucleotide changes were always associated, and they were identified in 98% of the AGU alleles analyzed. Thus, the high prevalence of AGU in the Finnish population is the consequence of a founder effect of one ancient mutation. The identification of asymptomatic carriers by the minisequencing test proved to be unequivocal. The method also allowed quantification of a mutated nucleotide sequence present in less than 1% of a sample. The frequency of AGU carriers in this population was 1/36 when estimated by quantifying the mutated AGU allele in a pooled leukocyte sample from 1350 normal Finnish individuals.

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