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Br J Cancer. 2005 Jan 17;92(1):21-3.

Systemic inflammatory response predicts outcome in patients undergoing resection for ductal adenocarcinoma head of pancreas.

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University Department of Surgery, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK.


The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between the clinicopathological status, the pre- and postoperative systemic inflammatory response and survival in patients undergoing potentially curative resection for ductal adenocarcinoma of the head of the pancreas. Patients (n = 65) who underwent resection of ductal adenocarcinoma of the head of pancreas between 1993 and 2001, and had pre- and postoperative measurements of C-reactive protein, were included in the study. The majority of patients had stage III disease (International Union Against Cancer Criteria, IUCC), positive circumferential margin involvement (R1), tumour size greater than 25 mm with perineural and lymph node invasion and died within the follow-up period. On multivariate analysis, tumour size (hazard ratio (HR) 2.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.20-3.68, P = 0.009), vascular invasion (HR 2.58, 95% CI 1.48-4.50, P < 0.001) and postoperative C-reactive protein (HR 2.00, 95% CI 1.14-3.52, P = 0.015) retained independent significance. Those patients with a postoperative C-reactive protein < or = 10 mg l(-1) had a median survival of 21.5 months compared with 8.4 months in those patients with a C-reactive protein >10 mg l(-1) (P < 0.001). The results of the present study indicate that, in patients who have undergone potentially curative resection for ductal adenocarcinoma of the head of pancreas, the presence of a systemic inflammatory response predicts poor outcome.

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