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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Jan 21;326(3):687-94.

A novel rhythm of microcystin biosynthesis is described in the cyanobacterium Microcystis panniformis Komárek et al.

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  • 1Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.


The presence of microcystins (MCY) in the cyanobacteria Microcystis panniformis Komárek et al. is reported for the first time. This strain of cyanobacterium has been isolated from Barra Bonita, an eutrophicated water reservoir in São Paulo state, Brazil. The identification of M. panniformis was confirmed by both traditional morphological analysis and the phycocyanin intergenic spacer sequences. MCY-LR and [Asp(3)]-MCY-LR were identified in this strain after HPLC purification and extensive ESI-MS/MS analysis. Their levels in this strain were determined by HPLC and ranged from 0.25 to 2.75 and 0.08 to 0.75 fmol/cell, respectively. Analyzing the levels of MCY-LR and [Asp(3)]-MCY-LR in different times during the light:dark (L:D) cycle, it was found that levels of MCYs per cell were at least threefold as high during the day-phase than during the night-phase. This may be associated to the biological clock since prokaryotic cyanobacteria express robust circadian (daily) rhythms under the control of a timing mechanism that is independent of the cell division cycle. Our findings also showed the same pattern under light:light (L:L) cycle.

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