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J Proteome Res. 2004 Nov-Dec;3(6):1128-37.

Proteome analysis of tobacco bright yellow-2 (BY-2) cell culture plastids as a model for undifferentiated heterotrophic plastids.

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Institute of Plant Science and Functional Genomics Center Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland.


We analyzed the proteome of undifferentiated plastids from a tobacco BY-2 cell culture by shotgun proteomics following multidimensional protein fractionation. The fractionation strategy initiated with the serial extraction of proteins from membranes which allowed us to distinguish soluble, peripheral, and integral membrane proteins. The majority of the identified proteins have a function in the cellular metabolism and most of them are active in amino acid synthesis pathways. A significant number of the identified proteins was not identified in chloroplast proteome analyses before. This suggests BY-2 plastid specific functions that differ from the major activities of chloroplasts. We have used the BY-2 plastid proteins reported here to assess the metabolic activities of undifferentiated heterotrophic plastids and compared the functional profile with that of differentiated heterotrophic amyloplasts. Comparative shotgun proteome analyses as reported here provide information about prevalent metabolic activities of different plastid types.

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