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J Mol Med (Berl). 2005 Apr;83(4):287-95. Epub 2004 Dec 9.

Novel germline mutation in the transmembrane region of RET gene close to Cys634Ser mutation associated with MEN 2A syndrome.

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Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Cancer Research Institute SAS, Vlarska 7, 83391 Bratislava, Slovakia.


Two mutations on the same allele of RET gene were revealed in a family with predisposition to multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2A. The first mutation changes codon 634 from cysteine to serine. The second, a novel mutation in codon 641, changes alanine to serine in the transmembrane domain of the RET protein. Two mutations were present in close proximity in both the patients' germline and tumor DNA and were absent in DNA isolated from healthy family members and control blood donors. All MEN 2A affected family members suffered from medullary thyroid carcinoma and two of ten patients for pheochromocytoma. No parathyroid gland alterations were observed in patients with two RET gene mutations. Analysis of four genetic polymorphisms in the RET gene showed higher incidence of polymorphisms of exons 11 and 15. The observed allelic imbalance in favor of mutated allele in pheochromocytoma corresponded to higher expression of the RET gene. These observations confirm the multifactorial process leading to development of MEN 2A syndrome.

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