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Hum Genet. 2005 Feb;116(3):179-85. Epub 2004 Dec 8.

Confirmation of the HPCX prostate cancer predisposition locus in large Utah prostate cancer pedigrees.

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  • 1Genetic Epidemiology, Department of Medical Informatics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.


Several genetic predisposition loci for prostate cancer have been identified through linkage analysis, and it is now generally recognized that no single gene is responsible for more than a small proportion of prostate cancers. However, published confirmations of these loci have been few, and failures to confirm have been frequent. The genetic etiology of prostate cancer is clearly complex and includes significant genetic heterogeneity, phenocopies, and reduced penetrance. Powerful analyses that involve robust statistics and methods to reduce genetic heterogeneity are therefore necessary. We have performed linkage analysis on 143 Utah pedigrees for the previously published Xq27-28 (HPCX) prostate cancer susceptibility locus. We employed a robust multipoint statistic (TLOD) and a novel splitting algorithm to reduce intra-familial heterogeneity by iteratively removing the top generation from the large Utah pedigrees. In a dataset containing pedigrees having no more than five generations, we observed a multipoint TLOD of 2.74 (P=0.0002), which is statistically significant after correction for multiple testing. For both the full-structure pedigrees (up to seven generations) and the smaller sub-pedigrees, the linkage evidence was much reduced. This study thus represents the first significant confirmation of HPCX (Xq27-28) and argues for the continued utility of large pedigrees in linkage analyses for complex diseases.

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