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Nat Genet. 2005 Jan;37(1):101-5. Epub 2004 Dec 12.

EGFR signaling attenuates Groucho-dependent repression to antagonize Notch transcriptional output.

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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University, PO Box 12272, Jerusalem 91120, Israel.


Crosstalk between signaling pathways is crucial for the generation of complex and varied transcriptional networks. Antagonism between the EGF-receptor (EGFR) and Notch pathways in particular is well documented, although the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. The global corepressor Groucho (Gro) and its transducin-like Enhancer-of-split (TLE) mammalian homologs mediate repression by a myriad of repressors, including effectors of the Notch, Wnt (Wg) and TGF-beta (Dpp) signaling cascades. Given that there are genetic interactions between gro and components of the EGFR pathway (ref. 9 and P.H. et al., unpublished results), we tested whether Gro is at a crossroad between this and other pathways. Here we show that phosphorylation of Gro in response to MAPK activation weakens its repressor capacity, attenuating Gro-dependent transcriptional silencing by the Enhancer-of-split proteins, effectors of the Notch cascade. Thus, Gro is a new junction between signaling pathways, enabling EGFR signaling to antagonize transcriptional output by Notch and potentially other Gro-dependent pathways.

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