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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2004 Dec;126(6):687-93.

Influence on the masticatory system in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring with a mandibular protruding device: a 2-year follow-up.

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Department of Stomatognathic Physiology and Orthodontics, Postgraduate Dental Education Center, Orebro, Sweden.


The aim was to identify the incidence and types of possible adverse events in the masticatory system after treatment with a mandibular protruding device (MPD) during a 2-year period in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or snoring. The subjects comprised 65 middle-aged patients (44 OSA patients, 21 snorers). A clinical examination and a questionnaire concerning signs and symptoms from the masticatory system were performed before, after 6 months, and after 2 years of MPD use. The frequencies of registered signs from the masticatory system, such as muscle and joint tenderness, palpation, and pain during mandibular movement, decreased significantly between baseline and the 2-year follow-up. There were significant changes in the mandibular range of protrusion (+0.7 mm, P < .001), overjet (-0.5 mm, P < .001), and overbite (-0.6 mm, P < .001) compared with the initial examination. Nine patients developed a lateral open bite during treatment, and 2 of them experienced subjective symptoms related to the altered occlusion but still used the MPD every night. No patient reported pain on opening the mouth wide or during jaw movements. Two reported tiredness on jaw function. The reported frequency of headaches was also significantly reduced (P < .01). The high compliance rate in MPD use showed that the therapy is well tolerated, but there is a risk of minor alterations in the occlusion during MPD treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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