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Transplantation. 2004 Dec 15;78(11):1697-701.

Impact of Small Bowel Exploration Using Video-Capsule Endoscopy in the Management of Acute Gastrointestinal Graft-versus-Host Disease.

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1
Service des Maladies du Sang, UAM d'Allogreffes de Cellule Souches Hématopoïétiques, CHRU de Lille, F-59037 Lille, France. yakoub-agha@chru-lille.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the global diagnostic approach on the outcome of patients suspected of having acute (a) gastrointestinal (GI) graft-versus-host disease (GVHD).

METHODS:

Ten consecutive patients with suspected aGI-GVHD were prospectively explored with an exhaustive approach including video-capsule endoscopy (VCE). Images observed with VCE were compared with results obtained with other GI investigations including duodenal biopsies. RESULTS.: Five patients had a normal VCE examination: four were successfully treated symptomatically, but one died as a result of toxoplasmosis. VCE disclosed aGI-GVHD lesions in all five remaining patients, and two of the five were considered normal by upper GI endoscopy. All of these patients experienced improvement in their GI symptoms within 2 weeks of adjustments to their immunosuppressive treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

This approach has enhanced the authors' ability to adapt immunosuppressive treatments in patients suffering from suspected aGI-GVHD. Further investigation of the apparently high negative predictive value of VCE will be of great interest, particularly with a view to avoiding unnecessary immunosuppressive treatment.

PMID:
15591963
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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