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Transplantation. 2004 Dec 15;78(11):1665-9.

Laparoscopic right donor nephrectomy: a large single-center experience.

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  • 1Division of Transplantation Surgery, University of California-San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Room M896, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.



Laparoscopic procurement of right donor kidneys is frequently avoided or performed using hand-assist devices because of concerns regarding donor safety, adequate exposure, and vessel length. The present study describes the authors' large series of right donor nephrectomies performed laparoscopically without the use of hand ports or other manual assist devices.


The authors retrospectively analyzed all right laparoscopic donor nephrectomies performed at their center from November 1, 1999, to February 20, 2004. Study variables included operative times, blood loss, hospital stay, graft function, and donor and recipient complications. Left donor nephrectomies performed during the same period served as controls.


Of 387 laparoscopic kidney procurements, 54 (14 %) were right nephrectomies. Blood loss, extraction times, length of stay, and overall complication rates were similar between right and left donor groups. The mean operative time in the right nephrectomy group was significantly shorter than in the left nephrectomy group (169 +/- 25 and 186 +/- 29 min, respectively; P = 0.003). Graft function 1 month after transplantation and the incidence of delayed graft function were similar in both groups. There was one graft loss caused by thrombosis in the left nephrectomy group; other graft-related complications in the recipients were similar in both groups.


This large single-center experience demonstrates that laparoscopic right donor nephrectomy performed without hand-assist devices is safe and yields kidneys with excellent function. The authors conclude that selection of the appropriate kidney for donation using this approach can be based on the same criteria that have traditionally governed open donor nephrectomy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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